Territories and Regions of Africa and List of African countries

Territories and regions

The countries in this table are categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations, and data included are per sources in cross-referenced articles. Where they differ, provisos are clearly indicated.

Physical map of Africa.

Satellite photo of Africa.

Political map of Africa (right-click to enlarge)

Name of region[64] and
territory, with flag
Area
(km²)
Population
(2009 est) except where noted
Density
(per km²)
Capital
Eastern Africa: 6,384,904 316,053,651 49.5
Flag of Burundi Burundi 27,830 8,988,091[65] 322.9 Bujumbura
Flag of the Comoros Comoros 2,170 752,438[65] 346.7 Moroni
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 23,000 516,055[65] 22.4 Djibouti
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea 121,320 5,647,168[65] 46.5 Asmara
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia 1,127,127 85,237,338[65] 75.6 Addis Ababa
Flag of Kenya Kenya 582,650 39,002,772[65] 66.0 Nairobi
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar 587,040 20,653,556[65] 35.1 Antananarivo
Flag of Malawi Malawi 118,480 14,268,711[65] 120.4 Lilongwe
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 2,040 1,284,264[65] 629.5 Port Louis
Flag of Mayotte Mayotte (France) 374 223,765[65] 489.7 Mamoudzou
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique 801,590 21,669,278[65] 27.0 Maputo
Flag of Réunion Réunion (France) 2,512 743,981(2002) 296.2 Saint-Denis
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda 26,338 10,473,282[65] 397.6 Kigali
Flag of the Seychelles Seychelles 455 87,476[65] 192.2 Victoria
Flag of Somalia Somalia 637,657 9,832,017[65] 15.4 Mogadishu
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania 945,087 41,048,532[65] 43.3 Dodoma
Flag of Uganda Uganda 236,040 32,369,558[65] 137.1 Kampala
Flag of Zambia Zambia 752,614 11,862,740[65] 15.7 Lusaka
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 390,580 11,392,629[65] 29.1 Harare
Middle Africa: 6,613,253 121,585,754 18.4
Flag of Angola Angola 1,246,700 12,799,293[65] 10.3 Luanda
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon 475,440 18,879,301[65] 39.7 Yaoundé
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic 622,984 4,511,488[65] 7.2 Bangui
Flag of Chad Chad 1,284,000 10,329,208[65] 8.0 N’Djamena
Flag of the Republic of the Congo Congo 342,000 4,012,809[65] 11.7 Brazzaville
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,345,410 68,692,542[65] 29.2 Kinshasa
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 28,051 633,441[65] 22.6 Malabo
Flag of Gabon Gabon 267,667 1,514,993[65] 5.6 Libreville
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 1,001 212,679[65] 212.4 São Tomé
Northern Africa: 8,533,021 211,087,622 24.7
Flag of Algeria Algeria 2,381,740 34,178,188[65] 14.3 Algiers
Flag of Egypt Egypt[66] 1,001,450 83,082,869[65] total, Asia 1.4m 82.9 Cairo
Flag of Libya Libya 1,759,540 6,310,434[65] 3.6 Tripoli
Flag of Morocco Morocco 446,550 34,859,364[65] 78.0 Rabat
Flag of Sudan Sudan 2,505,810 41,087,825[65] 16.4 Khartoum
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 163,610 10,486,339[65] 64.1 Tunis
Flag of Western Sahara Western Sahara[67] 266,000 405,210[65] 1.5 El Aaiún
Spanish and Portuguese territories in Northern Africa:
Flag of Canary Islands Canary Islands (Spain)[68] 7,492 1,694,477(2001) 226.2 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Flag of Ceuta Ceuta (Spain)[69] 20 71,505(2001) 3,575.2
Flag of Madeira Madeira Islands (Portugal)[70] 797 245,000(2001) 307.4 Funchal
Flag of Melilla Melilla (Spain)[71] 12 66,411(2001) 5,534.2
Southern Africa: 2,693,418 56,406,762 20.9
Flag of Botswana Botswana 600,370 1,990,876[65] 3.3 Gaborone
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho 30,355 2,130,819[65] 70.2 Maseru
Flag of Namibia Namibia 825,418 2,108,665[65] 2.6 Windhoek
Flag of South Africa South Africa 1,219,912 49,052,489[65] 40.2 Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria[72]
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland 17,363 1,123,913[65] 64.7 Mbabane
Western Africa: 6,144,013 296,186,492 48.2
Flag of Benin Benin 112,620 8,791,832[65] 78.0 Porto-Novo
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 274,200 15,746,232[65] 57.4 Ouagadougou
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 4,033 429,474[65] 107.3 Praia
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d’Ivoire 322,460 20,617,068[65] 63.9 Abidjan,[73] Yamoussoukro
Flag of The Gambia Gambia 11,300 1,782,893[65] 157.7 Banjul
Flag of Ghana Ghana 239,460 23,832,495[65] 99.5 Accra
Flag of Guinea Guinea 245,857 10,057,975[65] 40.9 Conakry
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 36,120 1,533,964[65] 42.5 Bissau
Flag of Liberia Liberia 111,370 3,441,790[65] 30.9 Monrovia
Flag of Mali Mali 1,240,000 12,666,987[65] 10.2 Bamako
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 1,030,700 3,129,486[65] 3.0 Nouakchott
Flag of Niger Niger 1,267,000 15,306,252[65] 12.1 Niamey
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 923,768 149,229,090[65] 161.5 Abuja
Flag of Saint Helena Saint Helena (UK) 410 7,637[65] 14.4 Jamestown
Flag of Senegal Senegal 196,190 13,711,597[65] 69.9 Dakar
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 71,740 6,440,053[65] 89.9 Freetown
Flag of Togo Togo 56,785 6,019,877[65] 106.0 Lomé
Africa Total 30,368,609 1,001,320,281 33.0
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